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Sustainable Transport - Electricity, Hydrogen and Bio-Fuels, the next step for cars and eco-friendly fuels

Energy security and ambitious carbon reduction targets make a strong case for developing drop in, carbon-neutral and sustainable fuels for today’s vehicles and infrastructure using renewable energy, low carbon electricity, hydrogen, and atmospheric carbon dioxide.

For transport to be sustainable, it has to have minimum impact on the environment, be able to underpin society’s future needs for travel, and to be commercially viable.

Other current ‘eco-friendly’ transport technologies

Possible answers to the increasing requirements for sustainable fuels include:

  • Electricity
  • Hydrogen / fuel cell
  • Biofuels
  • Synthetic fuel from air and renewable electricity (“electrofuels”)

It is likely that all of these responses to the problem of declining fossil fuels are needed, although the sustainable AFS fuels process avoids the disadvantages associated with each of the other three options.  There is, for example, no conflict with land use for food or with deforestation (as there can be with biofuels) and there is no need for additional (or even wholesale) replacement of existing infrastructure and vehicles as there is with electric or hydrogen/fuel cell technologies.

One thing is clear, however, that whether all of these technologies are used together on a mass scale, or just one or two methods are used, fossil fuels are dwindling, and reliable and sustainable sources of fuel are needed increasingly urgently in the UK and worldwide.

Find out more about the AFS mission to create sustainable fuels for future generations.